With the increasing digitization of industry, robotics and automation will become key technologies for the smart factories of the future that will entrust their production to digital.
The design of the first fully automatic loom marked the birth of automation applied to industry.
It will be generalized to all industrial activities in the first half of the twentieth century with the use of techniques from electronics, robotics and computers.
Automation has also affected high-tech industries such as aeronautics for the design of airplanes, which has led to a gain in time and productivity. For example, the painting of a wing of a Boeing 777, which used to take 30 to 40 painters more than four hours to complete, is now done in about 20 minutes, with a quality level that is close to 100%. And that’s thanks to the robots.
The European market: Leader in industrial automation.
Europe is considered a leader in service robotics with 293 companies thanks to the programs set up by the European Union to stimulate innovation in the sector. It has seen a 7% increase in the number of operational robots, reaching 580,000 units in 2019. Germany remains the main European user with a fleet of approximately 221,500 units, 74,400 units for Italy, 42,000 units for France and 21,700 units for the UK.
A promising Italian market.
Italy is the 2nd largest manufacturer of robots in Europe and 3rd largest exporter in the world with a value of 300 million dollars.
The launch of the national plan “Impreza 4.0” and the creation of institutes such as the Made Competence Center, that connects Italian SMEs with 4.0 technologies, or the Italian Institute of Technology, shows a real willingness of the country to develop the robotics ecosystem.
But the leader of “Manufacturing 4.0” in the country, remains the Polytechnic of Turin, which has industrial partners such as FCA, General Motor, GE Avio, Thales Alenia. The focus is on aerospace, automotive and additive manufacturing.
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