Maritime transport represents 90% of the world’s trade in goods. In doing so, it is responsible for 3% of global CO2 emissions.
In 2018, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) set an ambitious objective: to reduce GHG emissions from shipping by at least 50% by 2030, compared to 2008 levels.
While the total quantity of goods exchanged by sea is expected to double by 2050, research, particularly in Europe, is accelerating to develop hydrogen as a way to decarbonize maritime transport.
Green hydrogen : the most promising solution.
Three times more energetic than oil, an energy carrier for heavy mobility and no particle, sulfur or nitrogen oxide emissions, all advantages that make green hydrogen the renewable energy of tomorrow’s shipping.
Moreover, hydrogen is used in two ways. It is used as a fuel for the propulsion of ships but also to provide electricity thanks to a hydrogen fuel cell.
Currently, Europe has 250 hydrogen-related projects under development, 20 of which concern maritime transport. Among them, the largest green hydrogen ferry in the world.
The world’s largest green hydrogen ferry built by Denmark and Norway.
The project is ambitious and encouraging, by 2027 a fuel cell ferry using green hydrogen should connect Copenhagen and Oslo. The hydrogen used will be produced in Denmark from offshore wind energy. According to the first studies, the ferry would avoid the emission of 64,000 tons of CO2 per year, which is equivalent to taking nearly 14,000 cars off the road worldwide. A major technological advance in the energy transition of the maritime sector.
The hydrogen engine for maritime transport.
In September 2020, Belgian company BeHydro, the joint venture created by engine manufacturer ABC and maritime group CMB, introduced its new hydrogen engine with a capacity of 1 MW for maritime transport. This new dual-fuel engine will run on 85% hydrogen and 15% marine diesel.
Based on this same engine, more powerful versions of up to 10 MW will subsequently be developed for larger boats.
Green hydrogen is on the rise in Europe. Its use will provide a concrete and sustainable solution to decarbonize the maritime sector.
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