After four years of the Trump administration, the new government is announcing its new plan to bring the wind industry up to speed by 2030: 30,000 megawatts, or several dozen farms and enough to power 10 million homes.
With a growth rate of nearly 24% per year since 2013, global offshore wind capacity is expected to increase fivefold by 2030. The global market is still dominated by Europe (75%), which is aiming for 450 GW installed by 2050. However, other continents are evolving and accelerating the pace : North America should reach 23 GW of new installed capacity and 52 GW in China by 2030 according to the Global Wind Energy Council.
USA : a model in offshore wind energy for the continent
According to the latest forecasts of the International Energy Agency, wind power has become the leading renewable electricity producer in the United States in 2020 (7.4% of the U.S. generation mix), ahead of hydroelectricity (6.6%). This share of wind power in the U.S. electricity production could represent 10.3% in 2021.
We can state that the forecasts for the year 2021 seem to become reality with the announcement of the American government of new objectives to boost offshore wind in the USA.
Indeed, the Biden administration wants the country to deploy 30 GW by 2030 and reach 110 GW by 2050. It is expected that the plan would trigger $12 billion of investment in projects on both U.S. coasts, creating 44,000 jobs in the sector by 2030.
New projects in sight :
To make this ambition a reality, the development and creation of offshore projects
A new “priority wind energy zone” has been identified and selected between Long Island and New Jersey, in an area of shallow water. The U.S. administration also plans to upgrade the port infrastructure, build new factories for the various components of the wind turbines and cables. Grants of $230 million will be allocated to support this modernization.
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