Wind power holds a special position in the German electricity mix for several years already.
Offshore wind energy in particular is now at the center of Germany’s renewable energy development strategy.
In terms of installed capacity, Germany is in second place worldwide behind the United Kingdom, with, in 2019, 7.5 GW installed, representing 12.3% of the country’s total installed wind power capacity, for 1,500 offshore wind turbines in operation. In 2019, offshore wind turbine installations exceeded onshore installations for the first time, with 1.1 MW installed at sea this year. As a result, Germany’s offshore wind turbine production amounted to 24,700 GWh that same year, accounting for 19.6% of the country’s wind power production.
The German wind farm accounts for 27.6% of the world’s offshore wind installations and has overtaken Denmark and China in recent years. Germany has recently accelerated the development of offshore wind turbine installations, with an increase in 2019 of 17% compared to 2018. In 2020, energy from wind turbines accounted for 30% of the amount of electricity fed into the German grid. Offshore wind energy thus accounts for about 6% of all the electricity produced by the country in 2020.
Market development & offshore wind projects:
Within the EU, offshore wind energy production is expected to increase up to five times by 2040. According to the European Energy Agency, it could become the most important source of energy in Europe by 2050. Based on a WindEurope forecast, Germany could produce 36 GW of offshore wind power by 2050. However, it seems that the German offshore wind industry will have to increase to more than 50 GW in order to compensate for the closure of coal-fired power plants. Germany therefore has high ambitions for offshore wind farms. The national expansion target is to increase to 20 GW in 2030 and 40 GW in 2040.
Offshore wind projects are consequently multiplying in the German Baltic Sea. On March 1, 2021, the German government published a call for tenders for the installation of an additional 958 MW divided into three zones in the Baltic Sea. The commissioning of these new wind turbines is here planned for 2026.
Other projects are also under development, such as Borkum Riffgrund 3, a 900 MW offshore wind farm scheduled for operation in 2025 to supply electricity to 920,000 German households, or the Kaskasi project, a second offshore wind farm with a planned capacity of 342 MW to be commissioned in 2022. The German offshore wind industry is therefore booming and Surfeo supports its stakeholders in the development of their projects!
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